Why Organic?

 

Organic production is a holistic system designed to optimize the productivity and fitness of diverse communities within the agro-ecosystem, including soil organisms, plants, livestock and people. The principal goal of organic production is to develop enterprises that are sustainable and harmonious with the environment maintain long-term soil fertility by optimizing conditions for biological activity within the soil environment, minimize soil degradation and erosion, decrease pollution, optimize biological.prepare organic products, emphasizing careful processing, and handling methods in order to maintain the organic integrity and vital qualities of the products at all stages of production.rely on renewable resources in locally organized agricultural system

Differences Between Chemical Farming and Organic Farming

 

Soil Differences

Chemical Farming

Cultivation and production (Nutrient, pest & disease management) of crops by inorganic chemical inputs

Against Nature
In chemically managed soil, the plant nutrients are supplied only through inorganic source, without any organic carbon source to derive food.

Soil becomes dead
While chemical farming satisfies only the crop nutrient requirements, it is not conducive for biological environment of the soil, finally resulting in a problematic soil loaded with inorganic salts.

Nutrients are available only for shorter period
Certain fertilizers in the absence of microbes permanently fix on to the soil particles and may not be available for plant root absorption.

Leads to erosion
Absence of binding agents (organic substances) between soil particles makes the soil particles to be easily detached by water and wind. It leads to loss of top fertile soils .

Accumulation of hazardous material in soil
Over and abuse of chemical fertilizers (nitrate) & pesticides harm the biological life of the soil. The residues such as heavy metals present in the inorganic soils may pose serious health hazards.

Organic Farming

Cultivation and production (Nutrient, pest & disease management) of crops by biodegradable organic inputs

Harmony with nature
In an organic management, the focus is on food web relations and element cycling aiming to maximize the agro-ecosystem's stability, sustainability and homeostasis .

Soils become fertile
Here the biological property of the soil is improved by addition of organic manure. Intensive biological activity promotes better symbiotic relationship between plant and the soil focusing on sustainable plant production and nutrient management.

Nutrients available for longer period
Microbes decompose the complex organic compounds to mineral components and CO2. Further the mineral elements are converted in to available plant nutrients .

Prevents the soil erosion
Organic soil management techniques such as organic fertilization, mulching and cover cropping increases aggregation (by organic acid),

There is no hazardous material in soil
It does not leave any residues/ hazardous material in the since all input is biodegradable & non-toxic,

Crop Differences

Chemical Farming

Quick lodging of crop
Most of the nutrient is leached beyond the root zone and the crop might loose much of the needed nutrient for better root anchor.

More chemical residues present in crops
For managing fertility, pest and diseases large quantity of synthetic chemicals are used in crops. It does not metabolize properly and leaves residues as such in the end product.

Organic Farming

Provide good anchorage to the crop
In an organic management, the focus is on food web relations and element cycling aiming to maximize the agro-ecosystem's stability, sustainability and homeostasis .

No chemical residues present in crop
Only decomposable materials (organic manure and biocontrol agent) are used. It does not leave any harmful residue in the crop or the soil environment

Health / Social Differences

Chemical Farming

Quick lodging of crop
Most of the nutrient is leached beyond the root zone and the crop might loose much of the needed nutrient for better root anchor.

Organic Farming

Provide good anchorage to the crop
In an organic management, the focus is on food web relations and element cycling aiming to maximize the agro-ecosystem's stability, sustainability and homeostasis .

Economic Differences

High investments in inputs

Inorganic input materials are costly and require much technical knowledge and investment to produce and handle.

Low investments in inputs material

Organic input materials are less costly source, readily available at the door step & very easy to apply.

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